Thyroid Disease is the most common endocrine disorder in the United States.
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones that control the body’s metabolism. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system, which is responsible for producing hormones to regulate many functions in the body. Thyroid disease can be caused by an overactive or underactive thyroid gland, or by an autoimmune disorder. Thyroid disease can also be caused by exposure to radiation or certain chemicals.
Q. What are the causes of thyroid disease?
- autoimmune disease known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis
- over-response to hyperthyroidism treatment
- thyroid surgery
- exposure to radiation
- a number of medications can contribute to hypothyroidism
Q. What are the risk factors of thyroid disease?
- women are more at risk
- ages 60 years or older
- family history of thyroid disease
- have an autoimmune disease, such as type 1 diabetes or celiac disease
- have been treated with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications
- had thyroid surgery
- have been pregnant or delivered baby within past 6 months
Q. What are the complications of thyroid disease?
- heart problems
- mental health issues
- peripheral neuropathy
- birth defects