Diabetes is a long-term condition that is usually managed with medication and lifestyle changes.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body’s ability to produce or respond to insulin. It can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and lower-limb amputations. The most common type of diabetes is called type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually starts as insulin resistance. As the disease progresses, not enough insulin is produced and/or the body doesn’t use insulin properly.
Q. What are the types of diabetes?
- type 1 diabetes
- type 2 diabetes
- gestational diabetes
Q. What are the symptoms of diabetes?
- urinating, often at night
- thirst and hunger
- weight loss without trying
- blurry vision
- numb or tingling in hands and/or feet
- very dry skin
- sores that heal slowly
- more infections than usual
Q. What are the risk factors of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes
- family history with type 1 diabetes
- children, teens, young adults are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes & prediabetes
- 45 years or older
- family history with type 2 diabetes
- African American, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, Alaska native, some Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans
- had gestational diabetes during previous pregnancy
- given birth to a baby who weighed over 9 pounds
- more than 25 years old
- family history of type 2 diabetes
- hormone disorder called polycystic ovary syndrome